What Are Oil-Based Lubricants?

A lubricant is usually a substance, organic in nature, an oil-based product, prepared for and used to reduce friction, corrosion, and wear among surfaces mutually in contact with each other. This way, it reduces the friction and prevents from more heat generation to smooth the process of combustion and keep your vehicle running. Lubricants differ with respect to their formation as they basically are of three different types: Boundary, Mixed, and Full-film lubricants. Boundary lubricants are used to deal with frequent starts and stops, shock-loading conditions, and to deal with extreme pressures and covering long distances. Mixed lubricants are utilized in separating a bulk of surfaces through a lubricating layer. Whereas the full-film lubricants are utilized to prevent friction in sliding metallic parts as well as to reduce friction in rolling metallic parts.


Lubricants used for engines are comprised of various parts containing Base Oils up to the concentration of 78% distinguished by viscosities, additives to enhance viscosity up to the concentration of 10%, detergents up to the concentration of 3% to clean up the engine, Dispersant up to the concentration of 5% to suspend dust and dirt particles, 1% additive for Wear protection, and other additives up to the concentration of 3%. This composition scenario discloses the formation of engine lubricants and highlights the importance of base oils for engine lubricants, as it will sustain it for long and sustain the engine to perform better and efficiently. A lubricant based on base oil is known as an oil-based lubricant. Base oils are a heavier, thicker petroleum hydrocarbon, extracted out of the crude oil, for multiple applications and uses. These base oils are then mixed with various additives to enhance their performance. These base oils are mostly hydrocarbons, containing 18 to 34 carbon atoms per molecule. These are assessed with their viscosity range, a measure to sustain at large, and resistance to continuous flow.


Some of today’s lubricants usually contain about 90% base oils and less than 10% additives. Some basic oils like vegetable or synthetic oils like Hydrogenated Polyolefin, esters, silicone, fluorocarbons and various others. These base oils are then mixed with additives to enhance their durability and long-lasting nature. Most common and today’s oil-based lubricants are produced by reliable brands like Total, Caltex, Valvoline, Shell, Mobil1, and much more. These oil-based lubricants come in different categories according to the needs and requirements of the engine, fuel used, combustion process, types of engine, and the engine service or running conditions or requirements. The most common categories are Synthetic, Blend, Mineral, Semi-synthetic, and Non-synthetic lubricants. A wide chunk of these categories are produced and manufactured with same and different base oils and additives, and by reliable manufacturers to serve you while cruising the roads. These lubricants make your engine’s smooth running possible and prevent friction, wear and tear and problematic depositions to clean up your engine and sustain it at length. Select a reliable brand according to the car’s requirements specified by the owner’s manual and enjoy your ride.